HRA comes under which section?

Understanding the Section Under which HRA Falls in Income Tax Act

HRA comes under which section? : House Rent Allowance (HRA) is an integral part of many employees’ salary packages in India. It serves as a means of providing financial assistance for rental expenses incurred by employees who live in rented accommodation. The section under which HRA falls in the Income Tax Act determines the tax treatment and exemptions associated with it. In this article, we will delve into the specific section under which HRA is covered, its provisions, and the tax benefits it offers to taxpayers.

Section 10(13A) of the Income Tax Act

House Rent Allowance (HRA) is governed by Section 10(13A) of the Income Tax Act. This section outlines the provisions related to the tax treatment of HRA and the conditions under which taxpayers can claim exemptions on it. Section 10(13A) provides relief to salaried individuals who receive HRA as a part of their salary package, subject to certain criteria and limits.

Provisions of Section 10(13A)

Under Section 10(13A), salaried employees can claim tax exemptions on the House Rent Allowance received from their employers. However, there are certain conditions that must be met to avail of these exemptions. Some key provisions of Section 10(13A) include:

  1. Rental Accommodation: The taxpayer must reside in rented accommodation for which they pay rent.
  2. Salary Component: HRA should be a part of the employee’s salary structure and clearly mentioned in the employment contract.
  3. Rent Paid: The employee must pay rent for the accommodation they reside in.
  4. Actual Rent Paid: The actual rent paid should exceed 10% of the employee’s basic salary.
  5. Exemption Calculation: The least of the following three amounts is exempt from tax: a. Actual HRA received b. Rent paid minus 10% of salary c. 50% of salary for metro cities or 40% of salary for non-metro cities

Understanding the Implications

Section 10(13A) plays a crucial role in determining the tax treatment of HRA for salaried individuals. It provides a means for taxpayers to reduce their taxable income and avail exemptions based on the rent paid and the HRA received. By calculating the eligible exemption amount as per the prescribed rules, taxpayers can effectively optimize their tax liabilities.

Claiming Exemptions under Section 10(13A)

To claim exemptions on HRA under Section 10(13A), taxpayers must maintain proper documentation and fulfill the specified conditions. This includes submitting rent receipts or other valid rental documents as proof of payment. It is advisable to consult with a tax professional or refer to the relevant tax guidelines to ensure accurate calculations and compliance with the provisions of Section 10(13A).


House Rent Allowance (HRA) falls under Section 10(13A) of the Income Tax Act in India. This section provides tax benefits and exemptions for salaried employees who receive HRA as part of their salary package. Understanding the provisions and conditions outlined in Section 10(13A) is crucial for taxpayers to maximize their tax savings while complying with the tax regulations. By adhering to the prescribed guidelines, maintaining proper documentation, and seeking professional advice when needed, individuals can effectively utilize the tax benefits associated with HRA.

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