Security and Non Security Forms of Investment

Security and Non Security Forms of Investment

Investing is a important part of financial planning, and there are many types of investments available to investors. Two main categories of investments are security and non-security investments. In this article, we’ll discuss the differences between security and non-security forms of investment.

Security Investments

Security investments refer to investments that are traded in the financial markets and can be bought and sold easily. These investments are regulated by government agencies like SEBI, RBI, AMFI, and their value is determined by market forces.

Examples of security investments include stocks, bonds, and mutual funds.

  1. Stocks: Stocks are shares of ownership in a company. When investors buy stocks, they become partial owners of the company and are entitled to a share of the company’s profits.
  2. Bonds: Bonds are debt securities that are issued by companies or governments. When investors buy bonds, they are essentially loaning money to the issuer and are entitled to interest payments and the return of their principal investment.
  3. Mutual Funds: Mutual funds are professionally managed investment portfolios that pool money from multiple investors. The portfolio manager invests the money in a variety of securities, such as stocks, bonds, and other financial instruments.

Non-Security Investments

Non-security investments refer to investments that are not traded in financial markets and are not regulated by government agencies. These investments are typically illiquid, meaning that they cannot be easily bought or sold. Examples of non-security investments include real estate, precious metals, and collectibles.

  1. Real Estate: Real estate investments involve purchasing property with the intention of renting or selling it for a profit. These investments can provide a steady stream of rental income and may appreciate in value over time.
  2. Precious Metals: Precious metals such as gold and silver are considered to be a store of value and are often used as a hedge against inflation. Investors can purchase physical bullion or invest in precious metal ETFs.
  3. Collectibles: Collectibles such as art, coins, and stamps are often purchased for their aesthetic or historical value. These investments can appreciate in value over time, but their value can be difficult to determine and may fluctuate based on market demand.

Security vs. Non-Security Investments

Security investments tend to be more liquid and easier to buy and sell than non-security investments. They are also more heavily regulated and offer greater transparency to investors. Non-security investments, on the other hand, may offer greater potential for appreciation in value, but may be more difficult to sell and are not regulated by government agencies.


Investing is an important part of financial planning, and investors have a wide range of options available to them. Understanding the differences between security and non-security investments can help investors make informed decisions about where to put their money. It’s important to do your research and consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is a security investment?

    A security investment, also known as a security, is a financial asset with monetary value that can be traded. It includes stocks, bonds, and options, representing ownership rights, creditor relationships, or other rights in a firm or government.

  2. What distinguishes non-security investments?

    Non-security investments are assets not regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and are not traded on public exchanges like stocks and bonds. Examples include real estate, cryptocurrencies, commodities, and collectibles.

  3. How do equity securities differ from fixed income investments?

    Equity securities, such as common stocks, represent ownership in a corporation, offering a claim on earnings and assets. In contrast, fixed income investments, like bonds, involve lending money to receive regular interest payments and the return of the principal at maturity.

  4. What are the benefits of investing in real estate?

    Real estate investments can provide a steady income stream, appreciation over time, and act as a hedge against inflation. Additionally, they offer diversification to an investment portfolio.

  5. What risks are associated with investing in cryptocurrencies?

    Investing in cryptocurrencies carries a high degree of risk due to market volatility and uncertainty. Investors need to stay informed about market trends and have a good understanding of blockchain technology.

  6. How can collectibles be a valuable investment?

    Collectibles like art, stamps, coins, and vintage cars can appreciate over time, offering both financial returns and personal satisfaction. They provide a unique way to diversify an investment portfolio.

  7. What is peer-to-peer lending, and how does it differ from traditional investments?

    Peer-to-peer lending allows individuals to lend money directly to others without traditional financial intermediaries like banks. It offers potentially higher returns than savings accounts and adds diversification to an investment portfolio.

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