What is equated monthly installments (EMI)?

What is equated monthly installments (EMI)?

Equated Monthly Installment (EMI) is a common term associated with loans, especially in the context of consumer loans such as home loans, car loans, personal loans, and more. EMI represents the fixed monthly payment that borrowers make to repay their loans, comprising both the principal amount and the interest charged by the lender. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive overview of Equated Monthly Installments, their calculation method, and their significance in loan repayments.

What is Equated Monthly Installment (EMI)?

Equated Monthly Installment, often referred to as EMI, is a fixed payment amount made by a borrower to a lender at regular intervals, usually on a monthly basis. It includes both the principal amount and the interest component of the loan. The EMI amount remains constant throughout the loan tenure, allowing borrowers to plan and budget their monthly repayments effectively.

EMI Calculation

The calculation of EMI involves three primary factors: the loan amount, the interest rate, and the loan tenure. The formula used to calculate EMI is:

EMI = P × r × (1 + r)^n / ((1 + r)^n – 1)

Where: EMI = Equated Monthly Installment P = Principal loan amount r = Monthly interest rate n = Loan tenure in months

The interest rate is divided by 12 to convert it into a monthly rate, and the loan tenure is expressed in months to match the periodicity of the EMI.

For example, suppose you have taken a loan of ₹10,00,000 with an interest rate of 10% per annum and a tenure of 5 years (60 months). The calculation would be as follows:

EMI = 10,00,000 × (0.10/12) × (1 + (0.10/12))^60 / ((1 + (0.10/12))^60 – 1)

The resulting EMI amount will be the fixed monthly payment you need to make to repay the loan over the specified tenure.

Significance of EMI

  1. Predictable Repayment Schedule: EMI allows borrowers to plan their monthly budgets with certainty as they know the fixed amount they need to allocate for loan repayment. This predictability helps in better financial management.
  2. Budgeting and Affordability: By knowing the EMI amount, borrowers can assess their repayment capacity and determine if the loan is affordable within their monthly income. They can adjust the loan tenure or loan amount to align with their budgetary constraints.
  3. Loan Comparison: EMI facilitates easy comparison between different loan offers from various lenders. By comparing the EMIs, borrowers can evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different loan options and choose the one that best suits their financial goals.
  4. Amortization Schedule: An EMI-based loan repayment structure follows an amortization schedule. This schedule provides a breakup of each EMI payment, indicating the principal and interest components. It helps borrowers track their progress in loan repayment and understand the interest paid over time.


Equated Monthly Installment (EMI) is a vital concept in loan repayments, ensuring borrowers can conveniently manage their monthly loan obligations. By understanding how EMI is calculated and its significance in budgeting, affordability assessment, loan comparison, and tracking repayment progress, borrowers can make informed decisions and navigate their loan journeys effectively. It is advisable to consider the specific terms and conditions of your loan agreement, consult with lenders or financial advisors, and use online EMI calculators to estimate the EMI amount accurately.

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